translated from french is"small wheel". It is the most
popular game of chance in Europe. Blaise Pascal first introduced
a primitive version of roulette in the 17th century.
It is said that this
was a by-product of his perpetual motion devices. Frenchmen Francois
and Louis Blanc invented the single "0" roulette game
in 1842. Because gambling was illegal in France during this time,
the game was introduced in Hamburg, Germany where it became very
popular and replaced an earlier version that featured higher odds.
At a later date, Francois and his son Camille were responsible for
bringing the game of roulette back to southern France for the Prince
of Monaco, Charles III. As a result, the lavish, world-famous resort
of Monte Carlo was developed.When roulette came to
the U.S. in the early 1800s, the improvements were deleted, and
a double "00" returned. The game became popular in the
old west of America during the California Gold Rush.